HISTORY OF RED CROSS MOVEMENT

  • 1828 Jean Henry Dunant Born on May 8 in Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1834 On a visit to southern France with his parents, Henry Dunant is shocked when he sees prisoners in chains.
  • 1847 Aged eighteen, Dunant visits the poor, and prisoners in Geneva’s prison.
  • 1849 Aged twenty-one, apprenticed to a banking house in Geneva.
  • 1853 Dunant helps to form the World Union of young Men’s Christian Associations Y.M.CA) Aged 25, he goes to  Alegria on business.
  • 1858 Dunant turns his Algerian venture into a limited company. He publishes “Notice sur la Regence de Tuis” in which he attacks slavery.
  • 1859 June24: Bartle of Solferino fought between France, Sardinia, and Austria in northern Italy. Dunant is present, aged thirty one.
  • June 25-27: Dunant works day and night help the wounded.
  • 1860 Dunant  receives the order of St.Maurice and St.Lazarus of Italy for his work with the wounded after Solferino.
  • 1862 Dunant publishes “A Memory of Solferino” in which he suggests the formation of permanent national relief societies of volunteers to care for the wounded in wartime.
  • 1863 February: the Public Welfare Society of Geneva sets up a Committee of Five to back Dunant’s ideas. October 23: BIRTH OF THE RED CROSS.
  • Thirty-one delegates from sixteen countries gather in Geneva to draft the terms of reference for the relief societies. The Red Cross symbol is adopted to identify helpers on the battlefield. Dunant is thirty-five.
  • 1864 August 22: THE FIRST GENEVA CONVENTION. Diplomats from fifteen European states gather to sign e convention or: humane treatment of all wounded soldiers and protection to medical staff.
  • 1867 Dunant goes bankrupt and leaves Geneva forever. He is thirty-nine. The Netherlands Society are the first to call themselves “The Red Cross Society of the Netherlands”.
  • 1870 – 71 Franco-prussian war and the siege of Paris. In Paris, Dunant organizes food, blankets and help for the troops. Later, he helps victims of the paris Commune to escape. He tries to mediate with the German and French Generals besieging Paris. He is forty-three. Meanwhile in Basle, the ICRC begins forwarding lists of prisoners, so that their families will know what has happened to them. Another “first” for the Red Cross, this initiative leads to the creation of the International Prisoners of War Agency in 1914.
  • 1871 – 87 Dunant spends sixteen years in obscurity. He continues working against slavery and to help prisoners of war. He also campaigns for the Geneva Convention to be extended to naval warfare.
  • 1875 The Geneva Committee adopts the title of the “International Committee of the Red Cross” (IRCS).
  • 1876 The Turkish Government adopts the Red Crescent as its symbol of neutrality; other Muslim countries follow suit.
  • 1887 In July, Dunant settles in Heiden in Switzerland. He was fifty-nine and ill.
  • 1892 He moves into the local hospital which becomes his home for the last eighteen years of his life.
  • 1895 August: Dunant interviewed by Georg Baumberger whose article in “Uber Land and Meer” gains Dunant wide recognition.
  • 1899 The protection of the Geneva Convention is extended to those wounded and shipwrecked as a result of naval warfare.
  • 1901 Henry Dunant is awarded the first Nobel peace prize.
  • 1906 The First Geneva Convention is revised and updated.
  • 1907 The Fourth Hague Convention introduces legal protection for prisoners of war.
  • 1910 October 30: Dunant dies in the hospital at Heiden aged eighty-two.

solferino 150yrs-solferino

SAMARPANA an Event Organized to Commemorate 150 years of Battle of Solferino in 1859 held at Raj Bhavan